A lot of our body functions are determined by tiny secretions called hormones , a bit of imbalance and it manifests in different ways .
Let’s understand PCOD/PCOS today……
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, (PCOS / PCOD), is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones (Estrogen & Progesterone) are out of balance leading to the growth of ovarian cysts (benign masses on the ovaries) causing problems with menstrual cycle, fertility, cardiac function and appearance.
While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Overproduction of the hormone androgen (a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce) may be another reason. This affects the development and release of eggs during ovulation there by complicating conception / getting pregnant
Symptoms – The most common characteristic of PCOS is irregular menstrual periods. Many women tend to develop excess hair on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, or toes, decrease in breast size, deeper voice and thin hair as symptoms. Other symptoms include acne, weight gain, pelvic pain, anxiety or depression.
Diagnosis – thyroid function tests, fasting glucose tests & lipid level tests etc are popularly done for diagnosis.
Treatment – Treatment for PCOS is not curative, it rather focuses on controlling symptoms and managing the condition to prevent complications. The treatment will vary from woman to woman, depending on specific symptoms.
A healthy diet and regular exercise does wonders for almost all women with PCOS (A few of my clients have shown great improvement after going on a healthy diet & exercise regime). This can help to regulate your menstrual cycle and lower your blood glucose levels.
Write up by Nitu Bajwa
Nutrition and Fitness Coach